Resources and Advice from DO Students: Courses

Fourth Year Cardiology

Electronic Resources

  • Pathoma
  • WaveMaven
  • Website
    • UptoDate


  • BRS Physiology
  • Cardiology Made Ridiculously Simple
  • Dubin Rapid Interpretation of EKG**
  • ECGs Made Easy*
  • First Aid for the USMLE Step 1*
  • Goljan Rapid Review
  • Harrison’s Internal Medicine
  • The only EKG Book You’ll Ever Need


  • If you understand the basic mechanisms of heart sounds and the normal, it will be easier to determine what pathology sounds like and where it should be in the cycle.
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