Resources and Advice from DO Students: Courses

Fourth Year Pharmacology

Electronic Resources

  • Epocrates
  • Kaplan


  • BRS Pharmacology
  • First Aid for the USMLE Step 1
  • Lange Pharmacology
  • Lippincott’s Pharmacology*

Additional Resources

  • Lange Pharmacology Flaschards**
  • Pharmomneumonics Flashcards


  • Pharm is difficult, especially when you don’t use the drugs in your everyday life. Try to add the drugs into what you already know about physiology and see how they would alter that physiology. If you can see that then you can also predict the side effects.

* – Top rated resources

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