Resources and Advice from DO Students: Courses

Second Year Pharmacology

Electronic Resources

  • Firecracker
  • Kaplan
  • KISS Pharmacology


  • First Aid for the USMLE Step 1
  • Lange Pharmacology
  • Lippincott Pharmacology
  • Pretest Pharmacology
  • The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics

Additional Resources

  • BRS Pharmacology Flashcards
  • George Brenner Flaschards
  • Lange Flashcards
  • USMLEWorld


  • I make charts for each section [I make separate ones so they don’t become massive & for organization] including information like drug class/drug name, MOA, pharmacokinetics/dynamics, clinical uses, side effects/notes. I review the charts multiple times and only highlight or make very important or unique things red.
  • Memorize, memorize, memorize! Know the mechanism of action and any adverse affects or contraindications. Pharm is easier to understand if you understand the physiology of what you are trying to change and the mechanism of action of the drugs.
  • Know the MOA, classic/most feared adverse effects, and alternative Tx for pregnancy/fertile women/immunocompromised patients for each class type of drug. Listing out the drugs on a whiteboard with this information has been helpful.
  • It is all about repetition. The more times you can look at it the better. A lot of people make or buy pharm flash cards.
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