Resources and Advice from DO Students: Courses

Fourth Year Renal

Electronic Resources

  • Pathoma
  • Websites
    • UptoDate


  • BRS Physiology*
  • First Aid Organ Systems
  • First Aid for the USMLE Step 1*
  • Goljan Rapid Review


  • Draw out a nephron with all of the transporters on the cells. Then add where the drugs act and it will help you to see the big picture.

* – Top rated book resources

COSGP seal