Resources and Advice from DO Students: Courses

Second Year Renal

Electronic Resources

  • Firecracker
  • Kaplan
  • Pathoma
  • Sketchy Micro
  • Websites


  • Acid-Base, Fluids and Electrolytes Made Simple
  • BRS Physiology*
  • Costanzo Physiology
  • First Aid for the USMLE Step 1
  • Goljan Rapid Review
  • Guyton Physiology
  • Robbins Pathology
  • Vander’s Renal Physiology

Additional Resources

  • USMLEWorld


  • Tie it together with Cardiology and Endocrine.
  • Know histology well, make charts of fluid/electrolyte flow in the kidney, understand which parts do what and where things are reabsorbed and know where diuretics act and how.
  • Break it down. Neprhitic syndrome vs nephrotic syndrome, etc.
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